The extent to which Archives can be trusted depends to a large extent on the authenticity of the records that it holds. Authenticity is generally taken to mean the certainty that the record is precisely what it purports to be; i.e. its provenance is well understood and the authority or competence of the creator is reliably known. Authenticity is closely related to other attributes such as integrity and context to establish the trustworthiness of records and Archives. The ICA code of ethics obliges archivists to “protect the authenticity of documents during archival processing, preservation and use”. But when we imagine a trusted Archive in the digital age, this commitment alone will not be enough to guarantee true authenticity. Preserving authenticity in the digital era will require the intervention of Archivists in every stage of the record’s life – from the moment of creation until its disposal through destruction or permanent preservation. This seems impossible when the creating agencies are well beyond the reach of the Archival institution that will eventually be given custody of the records, however there are steps that can be taken - indeed must be taken - if Archivists are to assume responsibility for the adequate preservation of documentary heritage as memory and evidence. This presentation will explore the specific challenges of preserving authenticity in the digital environment and step through strategies that might be employed to influence the processes and systems that create and maintain the records prior to eventual transfer to Archival institutions. Speaking from the perspective of the National Archives of Australia, Mr. Fricker will focus on the role of Government Archives to ensure that the right policy and legislative framework is in place to foster the creation of authentic, reliable and complete Archival resources for the future.