Giving access to modern records and other archival material often means to balance two fundamental rights: the right of information, which in most of the western countries is of constitutional rank and includes the right of access to (public) archives, and the right of information privacy. Access to archives became an important civil right and crucial precondition of transparency. Within the framework of freedom of information archives guarantee the confirmability of governmental and administrational activities. On the other hand, privacy and the right of informational self-determination are the hard-fought result of the civil rights movement and doubtless the core of civil liberty. To balance these sometimes conflicting rights is a serious challenge for archives and archivists. This conflict causes difficulties not just in the context of giving access to individual-related records in archival reading rooms. Personal data has to be considered and respected also in the field of digitization as well as in the area of archival description and dissemination of archival metadata via internet. Some practical examples from the Bundesarchiv will show the increasing importance of individual rights in daily archival work and the archivists need to be aware of that.